On 8 April 2009, a North West counter-terrorism unit (NWCTU) investigation, conducted in conjunction with Merseyside, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and the Metropolitan Police Forces, resulted in the arrest of 12 Pakistani students for their alleged involvement in a terrorist plot. This investigation¬†was known as Operation Pathway.
The case gave rise to deportation proceedings (before SIAC) and an unsuccessful attempt to apply for judicial review of the detention and search warrants: Sher, Farooq and Sharif v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police and others  EWHC 1859 (Admin).¬† The claimants in the latter case subsequently applied to the European Court of Human Rights (Applications nos. 29062/12, 26289/12 and 29891/12), which communicated their case to the Government in October 2013.
Both the Divisional Court and the European Court of Human Rights have referred to the report of Lord Carlile.
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